September 15, 2004
OCC Publishes Edition of Insights Addressing Remittances
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency today published an edition of Community Developments Insights addressing the role of banks in providing money transfer services. "Remittances: A Gateway to Banking for Unbanked Immigrants" describes how banks can use these products to attract unbanked immigrants into the banking system. It also addresses some of the key risks and regulatory issues presented by bank involvement in these products.
"Remittances by immigrants to their home countries are a potential entry point for a whole range of bank products," said John D. Hawke, Jr., Comptroller of the Currency. "When consumers gain comfort with bank products, they are more likely to develop additional financial skills that allow them to more fully benefit from the American financial system."
Many banks, especially those located in areas with significant immigrant populations, have devoted major resources to capturing a share of this growing market. According to the Federal Reserve Board's most recent Survey of Consumer Finances, 22 percent of minority households in the U.S. do not have a bank account.
A number of banks believe that by offering immigrants who do not have banking relationships a product that they can immediately use, banks will have an entry to cross sell a variety of other bank products to these consumers. Some banks have developed accounts, designed specifically for recent arrivals to the U.S., that can be easily linked to a remittance product. The Treasury Department estimates that, on a worldwide level, remittances sent by workers to their home countries exceeded $90 billion in 2003.
This edition of Community Developments Insights also addresses a number of legal, compliance, and operational considerations that financial institutions should be aware of when offering remittance products. These include money laundering, customer identification, and third party provider risk.
This Insights can be found on the news release page of the OCC web site by going to www.occ.treas.gov and clicking on the news release button on the left side of the page.
- Community Developments Insights: "Remittances: A Gateway to Banking for Unbanked Immigrants" (PDF)